The University of Arizona

Management Practices to Reduce Lupine-Induced Crooked Calf Syndrome in the Northwest

Kip E. Panter, Clive C. Gay, Roy Clinesmith, Tom E. Platt


Crooked calf syndrome (CCS) is a descriptive term given to a pattern of skeletal malformations and cleft palate that occur in the offspring of range cows that graze certain lupine species during early 12 pregnancy (Fig. 1)

DOI: 10.2458/azu_rangelands_v35i2_panter

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