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A review of the evidence for extinction chronologies for five species of upper Pleistocene megafauna in Siberia.

Lyobov A Orlova, Yaroslav V Kuzmin, Vyacheslav N Dementiev

Abstract


A review of the radiocarbon chronology of some late Upper Pleistocene mammals from Siberia is presented. Previously published data has been supplemented by new (super 14) C dates for 5 species (woolly mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, bison, horse, and muskox) to reconstruct chronological extinction patterns. The final extinction of woolly rhinoceros and bison in Siberia can be dated to approximately 11,000-9700 BP, but some megafaunal species (woolly mammoth, horse, and muskox) survived into the Late Holocene, about 3700-2200 BP.

Keywords


absolute age;Artiodactyla ;Asia ;Bison ;Bovidae ;C 14;carbon ;Cenozoic ;Ceratomorpha ;Chordata ;chronology ;Coelodonta antiquitatis;dates ;Elephantidae ;Elephantoidea ;Equidae ;Equus ;Equus caballus;Eutheria ;extinction ;Hippomorpha ;Holocene ;isotopes ;Mammalia ;Mammuthus ;Mammuthus primigenius;megafauna ;Ovibus moschatus;Perissodactyla ;Pleistocene ;Proboscidea ;Quaternary ;radioactive isotopes;Rhinocerotidae ;Ruminantia ;Siberia ;Tetrapoda ;Theria ;upper Holocene;upper Pleistocene;Vertebrata

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