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A (super 14) C calibration with AMS from 3500 to 3000 BC, derived from a new high-elevation stone-pine tree-ring chronology.

Hiroko Miyahara, Kimiaki Masuda, Hideki Furuzawa, Hiroaki Menjo, Yasushi Muraki, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Toshio Nakamura


High-precision radiocarbon accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) measurements of a new high-altitude stone-pine tree-ring chronology from the European Alps were performed for a 500-yr stretch in the second half of the 4th millennium BC. A (super 14) C calibration curve with a typical 1-sigma uncertainty of about 20 (super 14) C yr was achieved. Although the general agreement of our data set with INTCAL98 is very good (confirming once more that INTCAL98 is also proper for calibration of samples of extraordinary sites), we found small deviations of 17+ or -5 (super 14) C yr, indicating possible seasonal effects of the delayed growing season at high altitude.


absolute age;accelerator mass spectra;Alps ;Austria ;C 14;calibration ;carbon ;Cenozoic ;Central Austrian Alps;Central Europe;Coniferales ;dates ;Eastern Alps;Europe ;geochronology ;Gymnospermae ;Holocene ;INTCAL98 ;isotopes ;mass spectra;Pinaceae ;Pinus ;Plantae ;Quaternary ;radioactive isotopes;spectra ;Spermatophyta ;tree rings;upper Holocene;wood

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