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Seasonal and secular variations of atmospheric (super 14) CO (sub 2) over the western Pacific since 1994.

H Kitagawa, Hitoshi Mukai, Yukihiro Nojiri, Yasuyuki Shibata, Toshiyuki Kobayashi, Tomoko Nojiri

Abstract


Air sample collections over the western Pacific have continued since 1992 as a part of Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies (CGER-NIES) global environmental monitoring program. The air samples collected on the Japan-Australia transect made it possible to trace the seasonal and secular (super 14) CO (sub 2) variations, as well as an increasing trend of greenhouse gases over the western Pacific. A subset of CO (sub 2) samples from latitudes of 10-15 degrees N and 23-28 degrees S were chosen for accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) (super 14) C analysis using a NIES-TERRA AMS with a 0.3-0.4% precision. These (super 14) CO (sub 2) records in maritime air show seasonal variations superimposed on normal exponential decreasing trends with a time constant of about 16 yr. The Delta (super 14) C values in the Northern Hemisphere are lower those in the Southern Hemisphere by 3-4 per mil during 1994-2002. The Northern Hemisphere record shows relatively high seasonality (2.3+ or -1.5 per mil) as compared with the Southern Hemisphere (1.3+ or -1.2 per mil). The maximum values of seasonal cycles appear in late autumn and early winter in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, respectively. Oscillations of 1-10 yr over the western Pacific are found to correlate possibly with the El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events.

Keywords


atmosphere ;C 14;C 14 C 12;carbon ;carbon dioxide;concentration ;environmental analysis;geochemistry ;isotope ratios;isotopes ;monitoring ;Northern Hemisphere;Pacific Ocean;periodicity ;radioactive isotopes;seasonal variations;Southern Hemisphere;stable isotopes;temporal distribution;West Pacific

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