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Seasonal radiocarbon variation of surface seawater recorded in a coral from Kikai Island, subtropical northwestern Pacific.

Maki Morimoto, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Yasuyuki Shibata, Hajime Kayanne


A coral radiocarbon (Delta (super 14) C) investigation with a high time-resolution is crucial for reconstructing secular and seasonal Delta (super 14) C changes in the surface seawater which potentially reflect ocean circulations and dynamic ocean-atmosphere interactions. The Delta (super 14) C values of a modern coral (Porites sp.) from Kikai Island, southern Japan, in the subtropical northwestern Pacific, were determined for the period of 1991-1998 at a monthly resolution. A coral Delta (super 14) C time series for the 8 yr indicated seasonal cycles superimposed on a secular decreasing trend of 3.8 per mil per yr. The seasonal amplitude of the coral Delta (super 14) C was about 18 per mil on the average and the minimum Delta (super 14) C was observed in late spring and summer. The Delta (super 14) C changes were tentatively explained by horizontal oceanic advections around Kikai Island or over the wide range of the equatorial and subequatorial Pacific.


Anthozoa ;Asia ;C 14;C 14 C 12;carbon ;carbonate rocks;Cenozoic ;Coelenterata ;concentration ;Far East;geochemistry ;Holocene ;hydrochemistry ;Invertebrata ;isotope ratios;isotopes ;Japan ;Kikai Island;North Pacific;Northwest Pacific;O 18 O 16;oxygen ;Pacific Ocean;paleo oceanography;paleoclimatology ;Porites ;Quaternary ;radioactive isotopes;Ryukyu Islands;Scleractinia ;sea surface temperature;seasonal variations;sedimentary rocks;stable isotopes;West Pacific;Zoantharia

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