The University of Arizona
Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

VARIABILITY OF MONTHLY RADIOCARBON DURING THE 1760s IN CORALS FROM THE GALAPAGOS ISLANDS

Ellen R M Druffel, Sheila Griffin, Jeomshik Hwang, Tomoko Komada, Steven R Beaupre, Kevin C Druffel-Rodriguez, Guaciara M Santos, John Southon

Abstract


Radiocarbon (∆14C) measurements of monthly samples from a Galapagos surface coral are among the first data sets from the new Keck Carbon Cycle Accelerator Mass Spectrometry laboratory at the University of California, Irvine. An average ∆14C value of -62‰ is obtained for 144 measurements of samples from monthly coral bands that lived from about AD 1760-1771 (±6 yr). High ∆14C values were found during January through March, when upwelling was weak or absent at the Galapagos Islands. Low ∆14C values were obtained mid-year during strong upwelling. The average seasonal variability of ∆14C was 15-25‰, which is greater than that at other tropical and subtropical locations in the Pacific Ocean because of intense seasonal upwelling at this site. Periods of sustained high ∆14C values were found during 1762-1763 and 1766. A spectral analysis revealed that the spectral density for the ∆14C data displays most of its variance at the 5-yr cycle, which is reflective of El Nio periodicity during the 20th century.

Full Text:

PDF