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Dendrochronology and radiocarbon dating methods in archaeological studies of Scythian sites.

Valentin A Dergachev, S S Vasiliev, A A Sementsov, Ganna I Zaitseva, K A Chugunov, I Yu) Sljusarenko

Abstract


We propose a new method of cross-dating the wood samples based on the classical methods of spectral estimation. This method uses the average cross-spectral density as a function of the relative position of the series. Because it is not sensitive to phase shifts in data it is appropriate for cross-dating samples originating from geographically distinct areas. The accuracy of cross dating depends on the integrity of the samples used, and in the case of well-preserved wood samples, the precision of relative age comparison may reach a single year. The method was tested on two dendrochronological series from Scythian barrows of known age in Southern Siberia: the Pazyryk barrows (the Altai Mountains) and the Dogee-Baary-2 burials (Western Sayan Mountains) separated by 450 km. The analysis has shown that the Pazyryk barrow is younger by 80+ or -4 yr than the Dogee-Baary-2 burials. This result is in agreement with the new chronology of Scythian-related sites suggested for Southern Siberia and Central Asia.

Keywords


Dogee Baary archaeological site;Sayan;Scythian Culture;Siberian fold belt;Pazyryk Culture;Altai Mountains;Altai Sayan region;Central Asia;Iron Age;relative age;case studies;tree rings;archaeological sites;Holocene;correlation;Siberia;Asia;Cenozoic;Quaternary;geochronology;C 14;carbon;dates;isotopes;radioactive isotopes;absolute age

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