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Development of accurate and reliable (super 14) C chronologies for loess deposits; application to the loess sequence of Nussloch (Rhine Valley, Germany).

Christine Hatte, Luiz Carlos Pessenda, Andreas Lang, Martine Paterne


Due to very high accumulation rates, loess sequences are best suited archives for the continental paleoclimate of glacial periods. Accurate chronologies cannot be easily established by radiocarbon-dating, because of the lack of organic macrorests, the only material for reliable (super 14) C dating so far. A chemical protocol is reported to extract the organic matter of loess (organic carbon content lower than 0.1% by weight) for accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) (super 14) C dating. Sediments were taken from the loess sequence of Nussloch, for which a large dataset of luminescence ages (TL, IRSL/OSL) is available. The (super 14) C chronology of the organic matter extracted from loess is in good agreement with the corresponding luminescence ages. It allows high resolution correlations with climatic proxy signals (magnetic susceptibility, malacological assemblages, delta (super 13) C on organic matter, etc.) derived from the loess sequence and global environmental proxy records.


Nussloch Germany;Rhine Graben;Rhine Valley;Upper Rhine Graben;loess;Paleosols;luminescence;paleomagnetism;accelerator mass spectra;magnetic susceptibility;Germany;accuracy;mass spectra;spectra;isotope ratios;correlation;Central Europe;paleoclimatology;organic compounds;Europe;sediments;Cenozoic;Quaternary;clastic sediments;C 14;carbon;dates;isotopes;radioactive isotopes;C 13 C 12;stable isotopes;absolute age

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