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Soil organic (super 14) C dynamics; effects of pasture installation on arable land.

Paul M Romkens, Jan Hassink, Johannes va

Abstract


In a study addressing composition and recovery of soil carbon following pasture installation on arable land, radiocarbon isotope ratios were measured in size- and density-separated soil organic matter (SOM) fractions in a pasture and maize plot. The average soil carbon age increased with depth from 444 yr in the 0-30-cm layer to 2456 yr in the 60-80-cm layer in the pasture soils, and from 42 to 1625 yr in the maize-cultivated soil. Weight fractionation of the macro-organic matter (size >150 mu m) in a light (density $lt;1.17 g cm (super -3) ) intermediate (1.17 g cm (super -3) 1.37 g cm (super -3) ) resulted in markedly different ages for different fractions with ages increasing from 2 yr in the light fraction to >3000 yr in the heavy fractions. (super 13) C and (super 14) C (accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS)) isotope ratios in the $lt;20 mu m fraction in the 60-80-cm layer indicated that vertical displacement of colloidal organic material occurred during maize cropping. The physical fractionation method, in combination with natural level (super 13) C and (super 14) C analysis, resulted in a better insight in carbon dynamics that occur after the conversion of arable land to pasture.

Keywords


density;colloidal materials;Cranendonck Station;Noord Brabant Netherlands;agriculture;depth;land use;accelerator mass spectra;mass spectra;spectra;human activity;isotope ratios;Holocene;Netherlands;soils;organic compounds;Europe;Western Europe;Cenozoic;Quaternary;C 14;carbon;dates;isotopes;radioactive isotopes;C 13 C 12;stable isotopes;absolute age

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