The University of Arizona

A Wiggle-Matched Date for the Copper Age Cemetery at Manerba del Garda, Northern Italy

Lawrence H Barfield, Sturt W Manning, Erio Valzolgher, Thomas F G Higham

Abstract


The cemetery in the Riparo Valtenesi rockshelter at Manerba del Garda in northern Italy is well known for its wooden burial chambers. These chambers are some of the best sources of evidence for 3rd millennium BC collective burial in Europe. To further refine the absolute dating of burial activity at the site (beyond the approximate data provided by a previous series of routine radiocarbon measurements), a charred construction oak timber was sampled from Chamber 133 for 14C dendro wiggle-matching (DWM). We present the results from the DWM analysis, the first of its kind for the Italian Copper Age as a whole, establishing a terminus post quem for construction of Chamber 133 ~2955-2872 cal BC.

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