The University of Arizona
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Estimation of gas purity in a CO (sub 2) -filled proportional counter by rise-time analysis.

Adam Michczynski, Anna Pazdur

Abstract


Since 1994, a new data-acquisition system with rise-time (RT) based background reduction has been in operation at the Gliwice Radiocarbon Laboratory. During long-term stability tests, we observed large shifts in the RT spectra obtained during various measurement series. These shifts caused important changes in the count rate measured with RT reduction. As a result, we have ascertained that the shifts are the consequence of variable concentration of electronegative impurities. A correction method was considered, using average RT of pulses obtained in coincidence with the muon events, so-called ARTL (average rise time of L pulses), for estimation of the RT of the spectrum's shift. However, radiocarbon dates calculated based on count rates with RT discrimination, which were corrected using this method, are not more precise than traditional (super 14) C dates. Nevertheless, the value of the average coincidence pulse RT is a good indication of sample gas purity.

Keywords


impurities;gaseous phase;rise time analysis;data acquisition;background level;rates;precision;concentration;spectra;data processing;methods;C 14;carbon;isotopes;radioactive isotopes;carbon dioxide;absolute age

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