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Evidence for late Polynesian colonization of New Zealand; University of Waikato radiocarbon measurements.

T G Higham, A G Hogg

Abstract


We present radiocarbon determinations for 271 New Zealand archaeological samples measured at the University of Waikato Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory between 1975 and 1995. A discard protocol is applied to the series and the list culled to winnow the acceptable dates from those that may incorporate error. None of the 221 acceptable (super 14) C determinations older than 600 BP (in the case of terrestrial samples) or 930 BP (in the case of marine and estuarine shell) extends beyond cal AD 1250. This conclusion supports the short chronology model of New Zealand prehistory presented by Anderson (1991).

Keywords


colonization;Kermadec Islands;Raoul Island;West Pacific Ocean Islands;errors;Australasia;New Zealand;North Island;South Island;archaeology;archaeological sites;Holocene;Cenozoic;charcoal;Quaternary;wood;C 14;carbon;dates;isotopes;radioactive isotopes;shells;absolute age

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