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Subsistence System, Paleoecology, and 14C Chronology at Kanmer, a Harappan Site in Gujarat, India

Pankaj Goyal, Anil K Pokharia, Jeewan Singh Kharakwal, Pramod Joglekar, Y S Rawat, Toshiki Osada


This article presents the results of 4 excavation seasons in which botanical and animal remains were collected at the Harappan site of Kanmer in the Kachchh District of Gujarat, India. The findings revealed a subsistence economy consisting of food production with domesticated plants and animals, hunting, fishing, and wild plant gathering. Cultural relics and radiocarbon dating support our identification of different cultural periods at the site. This study provides new insights into the subsistence strategies during different phases of occupation and offers the potential for new subsistence models to be applied at nearby sites, particularly in this peripheral zone of the Indus civilization.

DOI: 10.2458/azu_js_rc.v55i1.15969


Gujarat, Harappan civilization, subsistence systems, radiocarbon dating, double-cropping

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