The University of Arizona

The fine-grained matrix of the Semarkona LL3.0 ordinary chondrite: An induced thermoluminescence study

J. P. CRAIG, D. W. G. SEARS

Abstract


To investigate the nature, origin, and history of the fine-grained matrix in Semarkona and develop techniques suitable for small samples, we have measured the induced thermoluminescence properties of six matrix samples 10 μm to 400 μm in size. The samples had TL sensitivities comparable with 4 mg of bulk samples of type 3.2-3.4 ordinary chondrites, which is very high relative to bulk Semarkona. The other induced TL properties of these samples, TL peak temperatures, and TL peak widths distinguish them from other ordinary chondrite samples where the TL is caused by feldspar. Cathodoluminescence images and other data suggest that the cause of the luminescence in the Semarkona fine-grained matrix is forsterite. In some respects the matrix TL data resemble that of Semarkona chondrules, in which the phosphor is forsterite and terrestrial forsterites from a variety of igneous and metamorphic environments. However, differences in the TL peak temperature versus TL peak width relationship between the matrix samples and the other forsterites suggest a fundamentally different formation mechanism. We also note that forsterite appears to be a major component in many primitive materials, such as nebulae, cometary dust, and Stardust particles.

Keywords


Matrix;Olivine;Cathodoluminescence;Thermoluminescence

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