The University of Arizona

Clastic matrix in EH3 chondrites

A. E. RUBIN, C. D. GRISET, B.-G. CHOI, J. T. WASSON

Abstract


Patches of clastic matrix (15 to 730 m in size) constitute 4.9 vol% of EH3 Yamato (Y-) 691 and 11.7 vol% of EH3 Allan Hills (ALH) 81189. Individual patches in Y-691 consist of 1) ~25 vol% relatively coarse opaque grain fragments and polycrystalline assemblages of kamacite, schreibersite, perryite, troilite (some grains with daubrelite exsolution lamellae), niningerite, oldhamite, and caswellsilverite; 2) ~30 vol% relatively coarse silicate grains including enstatite, albitic plagioclase, silica and diopside; and 3) an inferred fine nebular component (~45 vol%) comprised of submicrometer-size grains. Clastic matrix patches in ALH 81189 contain relatively coarse grains of opaques (~20 vol%; kamacite, schreibersite, perryite and troilite) and silicates (~30 vol%; enstatite, silica and forsterite) as well as an inferred fine nebular component (~50 vol%). The O-isotopic composition of clastic matrix in Y-691 is indistinguishable from that of olivine and pyroxene grains in adjacent chondrules; both sets of objects lie on the terrestrial mass-fractionation line on the standard three-isotope graph. Some patches of fine-grained matrix in Y-691 have distinguishable bulk concentrations of Na and K, inferred to be inherited from the solar nebula. Some patches in ALH 81189 differ in their bulk concentrations of Ca, Cr, Mn, and Ni. The average compositions of matrix material in Y-691 and ALH 81189 are similar but not identicalmatrix in ALH 81189 is much richer in Mn (0.23 ± 0.05 versus 0.07 ±  0.02 wt%) and appreciably richer in Ni (0.36 ± 0.10 versus 0.18 ± 0.05 wt%) than matrix in Y-691. Each of the two whole-rocks exhibits a petrofabric, probably produced by shock processes on their parent asteroid.

Keywords


Chondrule formation(s);Matrix;enstatite EH chondrite Meteorite(s);Oxygen isotopes

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