The University of Arizona

PDF orientations in shocked quartz grains around the Chicxulub crater

Yoichiro NAKANO, Kazuhisa GOTO, Takafumi MATSUI, Ryuji TADA, Eiichi TAJIKA

Abstract


We measured 852 sets of planar deformation features (PDFs) in shocked quartz grains in impactite samples of the Yaxcopoil (YAX-1) core and from 4 Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary deposits: the Monaca, the Cacarajcara, and the Pealver formations in Cuba, and DSDP site 536, within 800 km of the Chicxulub crater, in order to investigate variations of PDF orientations in the proximity of the crater. Orientations of PDFs show a broad distribution with peaks at ω {1013}, π {1012}, and ξ {1112}, plus r, z {1011} orientations with minor c(0001), s{1121}, t{2241} plus x{5161}, and m{1010} plus a{11-20} orientations. Planar deformation features with c(0001) orientation are relatively more abundant in the proximity of the Chicxulub crater than in distal sitessuch as North America, the Pacific Ocean, and Europe. This feature indicates that in the proximity ofthe crater, part of the shocked quartz grains in the K/T boundary deposits were derived from the lowshock pressure zones. Moreover, the orientations of PDFs with ξ {1122} plus r, z {1011} are high in our studied sites, and frequencies of these orientations decrease with increasing distance from the crater. On the other hand, absence of c(0001) and the rare occurrence of PDFs with ξ {1122} plus r, z {1011} orientations in the sample from the YAX-1 core that was taken at the top of the impactite
layer of the Chicxulub crater suggests that the sampling horizon that reflects a certain cratering stage
is also an important factor for variations in shocked quartz.


Keywords


K/T boundary deposits;Chicxulub;YAX-1;PDFs

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