The University of Arizona

36Cl, 26Al, and O isotopes in an Allende type B2 CAI: Implications for multiple secondary alteration events in the early solar system

T. USHIKUBO, Y. GUAN, H. HIYAGON, N. SUGIURA, L. A. LESHIN

Abstract


We measured 36Cl-36S and 26Al-26Mg systematics and O isotopes of secondary phases in a moderately altered type B2 CAI (CAI#2) from the Allende CV3 chondrite. CAI#2 has two distinct alteration domains: the anorthite-grossular (An-Grs) domain that mostly consists of anorthite and grossular, and the Na-rich domain that mostly consists of sodalite, anorthite, and Fe-bearing phases. Large 36S excesses (up to ~400‰) corresponding to an initial 36Cl/35Cl ratio of (1.4 ± 0.3) x 10^(-6) were observed in sodalite of the Na-rich domain, but no resolvable 26Mg excesses were observed in anorthite and sodalite of the Na-rich domain (the initial 26Al/27Al ratio < 4.4 x 10^(-7)). If we assume that the 36Cl-36S and the 26Al-26Mg systematics were closed simultaneously, the 36Cl/35Cl ratio would have to be on the order of ~10?2 when CAIs were formed. In contrast to sodalite in Na-rich domain, significant 26Mg excesses (up to ~35‰) corresponding to an initial 26Al/27Al ratio of (1.2 ± 0.2) x 10^(-5) were identified in anorthite of the An-Grs domain. The 26Al-26Mg systematics of secondary phases in CAI#2 suggest that CAIs experienced multiple alteration events. Some of the alteration processes occurred while 36Cl (half-life is 0.3 Myr) and 26Al (half-life is 0.72 Myr) were still alive, whereas others took place much later. Assuming that 26Al was homogeneously distributed in the solar nebula, our study implies that alteration of CAIs occurred as early as within 1.5 Myr of CAI formation and as late as 5.7 Myr after.

Keywords


Calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs);Short-lived isotopes;Ion probe;Aluminum-26

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