The University of Arizona

Condensation and aggregation of solar corundum and corundum-hibonite grains

T. M. NAKAMURA, N. SUGIURA, M. KIMURA, A. MIYAZAKI, A. N. KROT

Abstract


Forty-three corundum grains (1-11 μm in size) and 5 corundum-hibonite grains with corundum overgrown by hibonite (47 μm in size), were found in the matrix of the mineralogically pristine, ungrouped carbonaceous chondrite Acfer 094 by using cathodoluminescence imaging. Some of the corundum and corundum-hibonite grains occur as aggregates of 2 to 6 grains having similar sizes. The oxygen isotopic compositions of some of the corundum-bearing grains suggest their solar nebula origin. 26Al-26Mg systematics of one corundum grain showed the canonical initial 26Al/27Al ratio, also suggesting a solar nebula origin. Quantitative evaluation of condensation and accretion processes made based on the homogeneous nucleation of corundum, diffusion-controlled hibonite formation, collisions of grains in the nebula, and critical velocity for sticking, indicates that, in contrast to the hibonite-bearing aggregates of corundum grains, the hibonite-free corundum aggregates could not have formed in the slowly cooling nebular region with solar composition. We suggest instead that such aggregates formed near the protosun, either in a region that stayed above the condensation temperature of hibonite for a long time or in a chemically fractionated, Ca-depleted region, and were subsequently physically removed from this hot region, e.g., by disk wind.

Keywords


Calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs);Cathodoluminescence;Solar System;Condensation

Full Text:

PDF