The University of Arizona

Petrogenesis of the new lherzolitic shergottite Grove Mountains 99027: Constraints of petrography, mineral chemistry, and rare earth elements

Yangting Lin, Yunbin Guan, Daode Wang, Makoto Kimura, Laurie A. Leshin


We report petrography, mineral chemistry, and microdistribution of rare earth elements (REE) in a new lherzolitic shergottite, Grove Mountains (GRV) 99027. The textural relationship and REE patterns of minerals suggest precipitation of cumulus olivine and chromite, followed by equilibrium crystallization of a closed system with a bulk composition of the inferred intercumulus melt. Subsolidus equilibrium temperatures of pyroxenes and olivine range from 1100 to 1210 °C, based on a two-pyroxene thermometry and Ca partitioning between augite and olivine. Oxygen fugacity of the parent magma is 1.5-2.5 (av. 2.0 ±  0.4) log units below the quartz-fayalite-magnetite (QFM) buffer at 960-1360 °C, according to the olivine-orthopyroxene-chromite barometer. The ilmenite-chromite barometer and thermometer show much wider ranges of oxygen fugacity (1.0-7.0 log unit below QFM) and temperature (1130-480 °C), suggesting subsolidus equilibration of the oxides at low temperatures, probably due to deep burial of GRV 99027 on Mars. The low oxygen fugacity and LREE depletion of the parent magma of GRV 99027 suggest low contamination by martian crust.Characteristics of GRV 99027 demonstrate similarity of lherzolitic shergottites, suggesting a high possibility of launch pairing or a homogeneous upper mantle of Mars if they were ejected by individual impact events. However, GRV 99027 probably experienced severe post-shock thermal metamorphism in comparison with other lherzolitic shergottites, based on the re-crystallization of maskelynite, the homogeneity of minerals, and the low subsolidus equilibrium temperatures between chromite and ilmenite.


extinct Radionuclides;Calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs);Isotope fractionation;Nebula

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