The University of Arizona

'Immigrant' forage kochia seed viability as impacted by storage methods.

A. Stewart, V.J. Anderson, S.G. Kitchen

Abstract


'Immigrant' forage kochia (Kochia prostrata (L.) Schrad.) is a valuable introduced subshrub, often used in reclamation plantings and seedings on western rangelands. Seedling establishment is best from fresh seed; however, many users plant stored seed and experience poor seeding success. One cause for failure is loss of seed viability in storage. Forage kochia seed was harvested on 4 dates in fall 1996 from 2 sites (wildland and irrigated) and tested for viability when fresh and after storage treatments. Storage treatments included low and high seed water contents (2-6% and 12-16%), cold and warm storage temperatures (2 degrees and 25 degrees C), and duration of storage (4, 8, and 12 months). Mature, highly viable forage kochia seed remains viable in storage longer than seed harvested prematurely. Low seed water content (2-6%) is essential to preserving maximum seed viability. Storing seed at a cold temperature (2 degrees C) is also helpful in maintaining viability.

DOI:10.2458/azu_jrm_v54i4_stewart


Keywords


Bassia prostrata;storage;harvest date;seed moisture;viability;irrigation;duration;seeds;seedlings;land restoration;establishment;temperature

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