The University of Arizona

Assessing independence of animal locations with association matrices.

K.T. Weber, M. Burcham, C.L. Marcum


We developed and used association matrix, association pattern, and pattern recognition software (ASSOC1) to investigate the spatio-temporal association of individual radio-collared elk with other radio-collared elk in a study area in western Montana. These procedures were used to approximate the amount of time each individual spent with another individual, and assess the level of independence at which these elk acted. The results of this study will allow wildlife biologists to better understand animal movements and herd dynamics, and evaluate the independence of animal locations for home range calculation and habitat use-availability analysis.



herds;home ranges;territory;computer software;temporal variation;Cervus elaphus canadensis;spatial distribution;wildlife management;Montana

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