The University of Arizona

Nitrogen fertilization and row spacing effects on Digitaria eriantha

Alfredo O. Gargano, Miguel A. Aduriz, Carlos A. Busso

Abstract


Crude protein (CP, %), yield of protein dry matter (YPDM, kg ha−1), nitrogen use efficiency (NUE, kg dry matter kg−1 N) and nitrogen recovery (NR, %) were evaluated in Digitaria eriantha after exposing this species to various field-treatments during 1998–1999 and 1999–2000 in Bahía Blanca (38° 48′S, 62° 13′W), Argentina. Treatments included (1) 3 N fertilization rates (0, 50 or 100 kg ha−1), (2) 2 row spacings (30 or 50 cm), and (3) 2 methods of fertilizer application (either split at the beginning of spring and summer or applied at once in early spring). Plants were cut leaving 5 cm stubble whenever they reached 26–28 cm. Studied parameters were determined on forage harvested in spring, summer or total annual. Crude protein increased (P < 0.05) as N fertilization increased in both seasons. Total annual CP averaged 9.7, 12.0 and 14.0%, respectively for the 0, 50 and 100 kg ha−1 fertilization rates, respectively. Crude protein was greater (P < 0.05) on forage which received split rather than bulk N fertilization, and mean values were 13.2 and 11.7%, respectively. Forage sown at different row spacings had a similar (P > 0.05) CP concentration. In general, YPDM responded positively (P < 0.05) to N fertilization and to a split application of N fertilizer. Although differences were not always significant, there was an inverse relationship between N fertilization rate and NUE and NR. Nitrogen use efficiency was 34.5 and 24.8 kg dry matter kg−1 N (P < 0.05), and NR was 98 and 79% (P < 0.05) when N fertilization rates were 50 and 100 kg ha−1, respectively. There was a positive (P < 0.05) relationship between rainfall and NUE or NR. Nitrogen fertilization in D. eriantha should be split with a N fertilization rate close to 50 kg ha−1, and using 30 rather than 50 cm row spacing.

DOI:10.2458/azu_jrm_v57i5_gargano


Keywords


N rate and timing; crude protein; N use efficiency; N recovery; semiarid Argentina; perennial grasses

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